The Vice-President shall have the same qualifications and term of office and may be removed from office in the same manner as the President. This is your offline reference to the 1973 Philippine Constitution The Constitution of the Philippines (Filipino: Saligang Batas ng Pilipinas) is the supreme law of the Republic of the Philippines. SEC. In 1970, delegates were elected to a constitutional convention which began to meet in 1971. SEC. 12. 2. The Batasang Pambansa shall enact a local government code which may not thereafter be amended except by a majority vote of all its Members, defining a more responsive and accountable local government structure with an effective system of recall, allocating among the different local government units their powers, responsibilities, and resources, and providing for the qualifications, election and removal, term, salaries, powers, functions, and duties of local officials, and all other matters relating to the organization and operation of the local units. In the absence of an Executive Committee, the Speaker shall act as President until the President shall have been elected and qualified. This is your offline reference to the 1973 Philippine Constitution The Constitution of the Philippines (Filipino: Saligang Batas ng Pilipinas) is the supreme law of the Republic of the Philippines. In case a vacancy in the Office of President occurs before the presidential election of 1987, the Speaker of the Batasang Pambansa shall act as President until a President and a Vice-President or either of them shall have been elected and shall have qualified. The conclusions of the Supreme Court in any case submitted to it for decision en banc or in division shall be reached in consultation before the case is assigned to a Member for the writing of the opinion of the Court. Philippine Constitution (1973): Article XV January 13, 2009. 7. It granted him legislative power even after the formal lifting of Martial law on January 17, 1981. If he approves the same, he shall sign it; otherwise, he shall veto it and return the same with his objections to the Batasang Pambansa. The President shall be the head of state and chief executive of the Republic of the Philippines. The disposition, exploration, development, of exploitation, or utilization of any of the natural resources of the Philippines shall be limited to citizens of the Philippines, or to corporations or association at least sixty per centum of the capital of which is owned by such citizens. The Batasang Pambansa shall not, except by general law, provide for the formation; organization, or regulation of private corporations, unless such corporations are.owned or controlled by the Government or any subdivision or instrumentality thereof. So help me God.” (In case of affirmation, the last sentence is omitted.). The Philippine constitutional plebiscite of 1973 ratified the 1973 Constitution of the Philippines.. (7) Submit to the President, the Prime Minister, and the Batasang Pambansa a report on the conduct and manner of each election. The 320 delegates met from June 1971 until 30 November 1972, when they approved the draft of the new Charter. He then manipulated an ongoing Constitutional Convention and caused the drafting of a new constitution – the 1973 Constitution – which allowed him to rule by decree until 1978 when the presidential system of the 1935 Constitution was replaced with a parliamentary one. The agenda shall specify the subjects of the question hour. (1) There shall be an independent Commission on Audit composed of a Chairman and two Commissioners, who shall be natural-born citizens of the Philippines and, at the time of their appointment, at least forty years of age and certified public accountants or members of the Philippine Bar for at least ten years. 1935 CONSTITUTION. (d) All criminal cases in which the penalty imposed is death or life imprisonment. 15. SEC. Neither shall any such franchise or right be granted except under the condition that it shall be subject to amendment, alteration, or repeal in by the Batasang Pambansa when the public interest so requires. (2) In case a vacancy arises in the Batasang Pambansa eighteen months or more before a regular election, the Commission on Elections shall call a special election to be held within sixty days after the vacancy occurs to elect the Member to serve the unexpired term. This was aim contra a future president who will seek a new term (in the 1973, you can run for re-election, another 4-year term. 4. The Batasang Pambansa may authorize, upon payment of just compensation, the expropriation of private land to be subdivided into small lots and conveyed at cost to deserving citizens. SEC. (5) Register and accredit political parties subject to the provisions of Section eight hereof. Part of the oath states that the Senator-Judges “will do impartial justice according to the Constitution and the laws of the Philippines.” (PRIB Photo by JOE ARAZAS) While impeachment is the penultimate way we can remove erring government officials including the president, the vice president, Supreme Court justices, the Ombudsman, and members of the … The rights of persons appearing in. 6. SEC. (5) The State shall maintain a system of free public, elementary education and, in areas where finances permit, establish and maintain a system of free public education at least up to the secondary level. SEC. The national territory comprises the Philippine archipelago, with all the islands and waters embraced therein, and all the other territories belonging to the Philippines by historic right or legal title, including the territorial sea, the air space, the subsoil, the sea-bed, the insular shelves, and the other submarine areas over which the Philippines has sovereignty or jurisdiction. 6. SEC. (4) Deputize, with the consent or at the instance of the President, law enforcement agencies and instrumentalities of the Government, including the armed forces of the Philippines, for the purpose of ensuring free, orderly, and honest elections. SEC. Unless otherwise provided by law, any decision, order, or ruling of the Commission may be brought to the Supreme Court on certiorari by the aggrieved party within thirty days from his receipt of a copy thereof. 5. No private corporation or association may hold alienable lands of the public domain except by lease not to exceed one thousand hectares in area; nor may any citizen hold such lands by lease in excess of five hundred hectares or acquire by purchase or homestead in excess of twenty-four hectares. (1) Provinces with respect to component cities and municipalities, and cities and municipalities with respect to component barrios, shall ensure that the acts of their component units are within the scope of their assigned powers and functions. (1) All educational institutions shall be under the supervision of, and subject to regulation by, the State. The retiring age of all judges shall be 70 years of age. The provisions of this sub-section shall not apply to schools established for foreign diplomatic personnel and their dependents and, unless otherwise provided by law, for other foreign temporary residents. 4. SEC. 2. The Batasang Pambansa shall, at ten o'clock in the morning of the third day after the vacancy occurs, convene in accordance with its Rules without need of a call and within seven days enact a law calling for a special election for President and Vice-President to be held not earlier than forty-five days and not later than sixty days from the time of such call. In the latter part of the same year, she ordered the formation of a Constitutional Commission … The 1987 Constitution divided per section. 1102 certifying and proclaiming that the 1973 Constitution had been ratified by the Filipino people and thereby was in effect. SEC. SEC. SEC. Prevailing themes throughout the document are peace and equality. All public officers and employees and members of the armed forces shall take an oath to support and defend the Constitution. Interpellations shall not be limited to the written questions, but may cover matters related thereto. 3. He shall be deemed automatically on leave and the Speaker Pro-Tempore shall act as Speaker. The Constitution vests the legislative power in the National Assembly. The Constitution currently in effect was enacted in 1987, during the administration of President Corazón C. Aquino, and is popularly known as the "1987 Constitution". 7. The defense of the State is a prime duty of the Government and the people, and in the fulfillment of this duty all citizens may be required by law to render personal military or civil service. 4. Thereafter, no suit whatsoever shall lie for official acts done by him or by others pursuant to his specific orders during his tenure. (4) Perform such other duties and functions as may be prescribed by law. SEC. 16. The provisions of the existing Rules of Court not inconsistent with this Constitution shall remain operative unless amended, modified, or repealed by the Supreme Court or the National Assembly. SEC. SEC. SEC. The interim Prime Minister and his Cabinet shall exercise all the powers and functions, and discharge the responsibilities of the regular Prime Minister and his Cabinet, and shall be subject to the same disqualifications provided in this Constitution. 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